Updated: Jun 29
Malware, short for malicious software, is a type of software designed to harm or damage computer systems. Malware is a real threat to all computer users, Internet Service Providers (ISPs), and Enterprise networks. Hackers and attackers use malware to gain unauthorized and privileged access to restricted file systems and obtain critical information that can be harmful to the targets. There are various types of malware such as viruses, worms, Trojan horses, spyware, and more. Protecting against malware requires a multi-tiered security strategy.
One way to protect against malware is at the hardware level. All servers and computers have vulnerabilities coming straight out of the box. Attackers can exploit these vulnerabilities by plugging in a device that will clone the profile of the users on a hard drive, or data or leave it vulnerable to have physical disks or devices extracted from the computer. Therefore, it is important to have a chassis alarm to detect intrusion, temperature changes, humidity changes, and the like. Additionally, using Bit Locker drive encryption and Kebros method can help secure data and protect the computer from unauthorized access.
At the operating system (software) level, it is important to have a layer of software protection such as firewalls, malware, virus protection, and software to wipe old temp files, cookies, caches, and clean the registry. This is because the OS itself is insecure and vulnerable to attacks. It is also important to have a plan to protect the computer by scheduling regular maintenance on each computer node.
Providing protection at the network level is critical to ensure that all servers and custom scripts on a network are protected against malware, viruses, spam, and other malicious activities. Hardware firewalls are the best layer of protection as they work at the hardware level. However, having a software firewall on all servers and custom scripts on a network can provide added security. It is also important to encrypt the data sent across a network to protect against unauthorized access.
Raising awareness and fighting back against abuse is equally important. Abuse monitoring is done automatically but it is critical to capture abuse by obtaining monitoring and metric software. Additionally, DDoS attacks are the most costly and can cause significant damage. To prevent DDoS attacks, using Layer 3 applications like Wanguard can help filter out DDoS attacks automatically.
In conclusion, malware presents a real threat to all computer users, ISPs, and Enterprise networks. To protect against malware, a multi-tiered security strategy is required. This includes protecting at the hardware level, operating system level, and network level. Additionally, raising awareness and fighting back against abuse is critical to ensure that all networks are protected.